How To Defrag Windows 10


Ways to improve your computer’s performance

Fragmentation causes your hard disk to perform additional work, which might cause your computer to run more slowly. Disks on removable storage devices, such as USB flash drives, can become fragmented as well as hard drives. Defragmenting your hard drive with the Disk Defragmenter in Windows allows your disks and drives to operate more effectively. You may set up Disk Defragmenter to run on a schedule, but you can also manually inspect and defragment your hard drives and disks. Follow these steps to accomplish this:

To defragment your hard disk

  1. By pressing the Startbutton, Disk Defragmenter will be launched. In the search box, typeDisk Defragmenter, and then, from the list of results, selectDisk Defragmenter from the drop-down menu. Select the disk you wish to defragment from the Current state drop-down menu. To assess whether or not the disk requires defragmentation, select Analyze disk from the drop-down menu. You must input the administrator password or confirm your identity if you are requested for an administrator password. Once Windows has done analyzing the disk, you can look at theLast Runcolumn to see what percentage of the disk has been fragmented since the last time it was run. if the percentage is greater than 10%, you might consider defragmenting the drive
  2. ClickDefragment disk You must input the administrator password or confirm your identity if you are requested for an administrator password or confirmation.

According to the size and degree of fragmentation of your hard drive, it might take anything from a few minutes to many hours for Disk Defragmenter to complete its task. During the defragmentation process, you can continue to use your computer as usual. Notes:

  • It is not possible to defragment a disk if it is currently being used exclusively by another software or if it has been formatted with a file system other than the NTFS file system, FAT, or FAT32. It is not possible to defragment network locations
  • There might be a mistake on a disk that you’re expecting to see underCurrent status that isn’t showing up there. First, try to repair the disk, then return to Disk Defragmenter and try again.

How to Defragment Your Hard Drive on Windows 10

It is not possible to defragment a disk if it is already being used exclusively by another software or if it has been formatted with a file system other than the NTFS file system, FAT, or FAT32; It is not possible to defragment network locations; instead, If a disk that you expect to find underCurrent status does not appear there, it is possible that the disk has an error. First, try to repair the disk, and then return to Disk Defragmenter to try again.

What Is Defragmentation?

During the course of a file’s existence, the data blocks (fragments) that comprise it might get dispersed across the hard disk’s surface in a variety of locations. This is referred to as fragmentation. All of those blocks are moved closer together in physical space as a result of defragmentation, which may result in faster read times when accessing data stored on the disk. However, defragmentation is no longer required on newer computers, as it was in previous generations. With mechanical drives, Windows defragments them automatically, however with solid-state drives, defragmentation is not essential.

In addition, you may need to defragment external hard disk drives that are connected through USB, because they may not be plugged in when Windows performs its automated defragmentation procedure.


How to Defragment Your Hard Disk on Windows 10

To begin, tap the Windows key on your keyboard or click the search box on your taskbar and type “defragment” into the box. Defragment and optimize your drives by selecting the “Defragment and optimize your drives” shortcut in the Start menu. A new window will open, titled Optimize Disks, which will provide a list of all of the drives on your system that are suitable for optimization and defragmentation. If one of your disks does not appear, it is possible that this is due to the fact that Windows 10 can only optimize devices that are formatted with the NTFS filesystem.

  • RELATED: The differences between FAT32, exFAT, and NTFS are as follows: Click “Optimize” after selecting the drive you’d want to defragment from the drop-down menu.
  • While it performs this, it also executes a command on SSDs called TRIM, which might theoretically speed up the functioning of your drive.
  • The operation will commence if the disk requires optimization and defragmentation, in which case it will begin.
  • In order to indicate that the procedure has been completed successfully, the time in the Last Run column will be updated, and the Current Status will reflect something along the lines of “OK (0 percent fragmented).” Thank you for your cooperation; your disk has been successfully defragmented.

You won’t have to remember to do it manually in the future if you do it this way. Feel free to exit the Optimize Drives window and continue using your computer as usual—and don’t be shocked if your machine seems to have a little more pep in its step once you do so.

How to Defragment Your Hard Drive in Windows 10

Files on your hard drive get fragmented over time, causing your desktop or laptop to slow down as it searches for those fragments in numerous locations on your disk. Defragmenting such files can help your computer function more effectively, so make advantage of the built-in utility in Windows to do so. Here’s what you should do and when you should do it. On a timetable that you specify, Windows 10, like Windows 8 and Windows 7 before it, automatically defragments your files (by default, once a week).

  • Observations on Solid State Drives (SSDs): Compared to typical mechanical hard drives, solid-state drives (SSDs) operate in a different manner.
  • Windows, on the other hand, defragments solid-state drives (SSDs) once a month if necessary and if System Restore is activated.
  • As a result, with SSDs, you can just let Windows take care of itself and not bother about defragmentation.
  • This does not, however, do a typical defragmentation of the SSD.
  • Using Windows 101, learn how to defragment your hard drive.
  • 2.Click on Analyze after selecting your hard disk.
  • 3.Assess the percentage of fragmented files in the output of the search.
  • However, you may want to keep your fragmentation percentage around 5 percent or so so that the defragmentation procedure does not take an excessive amount of time to complete.
  • If you wish to defragment your hard disk, select Optimize from the menu.
  • When Windows is finished, the Optimize Drives program should show that your disk has no fragmentation and that it is 0 percent fragmented.

Windows 10 Performance and Productivity

  • Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts that are the most useful. Mirror your computer screen to a television or monitor
  • Reduce the time it takes for Windows 10 to boot
  • Increase the speed of your mouse and touchpad
  • Set Your Monitor’s Calibration
  • Activate the ‘God Mode’ feature. Defragment Your Computer’s Hard Drive. Measure the amount of time it takes for applications to load at startup. Make use of the maximum amount of CPU power
  • Swipe to Delete in Email should be enabled. Copy and paste the contents of the clipboard into the Command Prompt
  • How to take a screenshot of your screen in Windows 10
  • Make use of offline maps
  • Learn how to use the full layout of the Windows 10 Touch Keyboard. Simple registry hacks may be accomplished by creating a.Reg file. On the Xbox App, you may record your PC gaming sessions. Carry out a fresh installation of Windows 10. Uninstall Windows 10 and restore Windows 7 or 8 to its previous state. Make the Linux Bash Shell available. Create a Detailed Battery Report for your use. Convert a computer into a wireless display
  • Create new folders in the Taskbar
  • Create new websites in the Taskbar
  • Gmail Contacts may be imported. Sign up for Android Notifications. Make use of multiple desktops, as well as eye control. To resume a task, use the Timeline Feature of the program. Sending web pages from a phone to a computer
  • All of our Windows 10 tips
  • Increasing the life of your battery

How to Defrag Your Hard Drive in Windows 10

If your computer is acting sluggishly, it may be time to perform some preventative maintenance.

Along with removing applications, checking your PC’s RAM, and performing a virus scan, defragmenting (sometimes known as “defragging”) is one of the most generally advised procedures in this area of expertise. Here’s how it works, as well as what you should be aware of.

What Is Fragmentation?

Traditional hard drives (also known as hard disk drives or HDDs) store data in consecutive “blocks” across each platter of a hard drive that is powered by a rotating platter. Delete data, and the drive will go back and fill those blocks with fresh data when you write new data—this might result in files being split up and stored on two (or more) distinct areas of the platter when you write new data. As a result, the drive’s head needs to go to many locations in order to read the file, which slows down the overall process significantly.

The GIF above, created by Wikimedia user XZise, serves as a visual picture of what I’m talking about.

How to Defragment Your Hard Drive

That being said, unlike Windows XP, which required you to manually defrag your hard disk once in a while, Windows 7, 8, and 10 defrag your computer on a schedule. Consequently, there is a significant probability that you will not be required to do anything. However, if you want to double-check the timetable and make sure everything is working well, press the Start button and put in “defrag” into the search box. When you choose the “Defragment and Optimize Disks” option, you’ll be presented with an optimization plan that includes all of the drives on your computer, including hard drives and solid-state drives.

In the event that everything is working well, your hard drives should display “OK (0 percent fragmented),” and you should be able to see when the disk was last defragmented.

TRIM Your Solid-State Drive

It is important to note that the information provided above pertains only to classic spinning hard drives and not to solid-state drives (SSDs), which are becoming increasingly ubiquitous. SSDs are far quicker than hard drives and do not have any moving components, allowing your computer to read blocks of data from any location on the NAND flash memory at the same speed as it can from any other location on the NAND flash memory. So even if you have a large number of fragmented files, your computer will not slow down—and defragmentation will not be required in this case.

It’s likely that if you have a solid-state drive, the current status will be “OK” with a notation regarding when the TRIM instruction was last executed.

Third-party software to defragment your computer should be unnecessary most of the time; they had their usefulness in the past, but for Windows 7, 8, and 10, Windows’ built-in routine should be sufficient.

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How to Defrag Windows 10, Windows 8 and Windows 7 Hard Drives

Defragmenting is a critical aspect in improving the performance of a computer. Simply put, defragmenting — also known as defragging — is the act of rearranging information on a hard drive in order to make them more accessible. In this post, we’ll walk you through the process of defragmenting your hard drive step by step. Alternatively, consider utilizing an automated utility such as Avast Cleanup, which not only defrags your hard disk but also puts performance-sapping applications to sleep and removes useless files.

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How to defrag Windows 10 and Windows 8 PCs

Simple steps are required to defragment your hard drive on Windows 10 and Windows 8.

  1. To begin, click on theStartbutton located in the lower left corner of your computer monitor. Enter the worddefrag into the text box. To begin, select Defragment and Optimizedrives from the list of available options. Select Optimize from the drop-down menu. This determines the level of fragmentation on the disk and initiates the defragmentation procedure. It may take many hours to complete this task. Avoid doing much work on your computer while it’s in the process, with the exception of some light surfing, while it’s running
  2. Once completed, it will display the OK status as seen above.

How to defrag Windows 7 PCs

In order to defrag your hard drive while running Windows 7, follow these steps:

  1. In the lower left corner, click on the Startorb and type indefragmentation
  2. Make a selection from the search results forDisk Defragmenter
  3. To begin the defragmentation process, select Defragmentdisk from the menu bar.

If you have a large number of files on your system or if your system hasn’t been defragged in a long time, this process might take many hours or even days. Allow it to flow unhindered and without interfering. Ignore your computer for a while!

Use a third-party defrag utility

Some third-party tools can make your life a little bit simpler, including: One such tool is our ownAvast Cleanup, which contains a defragmentation utility of its own. The best part is that it runs completely automatically on a regular basis (or manually, depending on your preference!). Take a look at this:

What does defragging your computer do?

“Defrag your disk” seems like advise from ancient times, a tip you’d hear back when it was customary to run Windows 98 on an old Pentium II machine. When the system slowed to a crawl, “Defrag!” was a common piece of advise to follow. Although it is no longer discussed, defragmentation is still important for optimal performance, even if it is no longer considered fashionable. But, more specifically, how does defragging help? Let’s have a look at the structure of a standard hard drive to better understand why fragmentation has an impact on the performance of your computer.

These discs, often called platters, contain the data.

The difference between SSDs and HDDs

Even if the rest of the computer’s components are entirely digital, accessing the hard drive is a very mechanical procedure. It is also the slowest component of computing; access times to bits and bytes on a classic hard disk drive (HDD) are normally in the 5-15 millisecond range, whereas accessing data on a contemporary solid state disk (SSD) or in random access memory (RAM) is done in a fraction of a millisecond (or less). Aside from the sheer speed with which files may be accessed, the aggregate throughput of hard drives is also limited.

Check out our SSD vs.

However, the most important point is that old-school hard disk drives are exceedingly sluggish.

Particularly obvious when starting Windows, launching programs, or opening large files is the stuttering. As a result, things might appear to be moving very slowly on PCs with hard disks (which arestill fairly common).

A fragmentation primer

If your hard drive were a platter, any file on your hard disk would theoretically be stored on the platter in a continuous way. When your system is spanking new, it’s possible that things start off that way. You do, however, move, delete, and copy data on a frequent basis. You remove apps from your computer. As you add additional data to a file, the file expands in size until it no longer fits inside the original space allotment. A gap or empty space on your hard disk is the outcome of this process.

  1. Windows, your apps, and your data files take up the vast majority of the remaining space, leaving a 5 GB chasm in the center.
  2. That gap on your hard drive is filled with the first 5 GB of game data, and the remaining 15 GB fragments (hah!) are stored at the very end of the occupied disk space.
  3. When Far Cry launches, the read/write head on your hard disk will be responsible for putting the game together.
  4. This is an oversimplified illustration of the concept.
  5. Because of the way the operating system divides data and applications, your mind will spin with all of the components you’ll have to remember.
  6. Older computer users may recall the DOS or Windows95 displays that displayed the gaps on your hard drives and the process of putting it all back together.
  7. Defragmentation is the process of putting these parts back together.

How often should you defrag your computer and when?

Defragmentation of the hard drive is performed automatically by most recent Windows versions, including Windows 7 and Windows 10. However, if you’re continually occupied with another job on your computer, Windows will never get around to performing this background operation. As a result, you need sometimes run it manually (follow the methods outlined above) to check on the fragmentation state. On one of my computer systems, the automated defragmentation procedure had not been conducted in 12 days, resulting in a 25 percent fragmentation of the hard drive’s contents.

Is it safe to defrag? Can I defrag an SSD?

Defragging a standard hard drive is completely risk-free. Not sure whether you have an SSD or an HDD? When you run defrag, Windows will inform you whether it is looking at a hard disk or a solid-state drive (SSD). Defragmenting the disk is not necessary if you have an SSD on your computer. The Optimize button on the defragmentation screen is responsible for performing a TRIM operation. You are not have to be concerned with the mechanics, however if you are interested: In other words, TRIM notifies the SSD which data blocks are no longer required and may be reused (for example, after you have erased a file).

The next time an application writes to storage, it will not be required to first wipe a data block from the storage device. Because of this, SSDs boost speed while also reducing wear and tear.

Maintain performance after defragging

That should take care of all of your defragging requirements! However, in fact, it’s all only one piece of the jigsaw when it comes to achieving optimal Windows computing speed. Apart from the things we’ve already mentioned on cleaning up and speeding up your PC, you might want to have a look at Avast Cleanup, which is designed to lessen the burden on your computer. Clear up gigabytes of unused files, uninstall bloatware, and set up routine maintenance to keep things working as smoothly as they should.

How to ‘defrag’ your computer and improve its speed when it’s operating slower than usual

  • A defragmentation of your computer is performed automatically by the majority of modern Windows operating systems. Defragmenting your computer may be done manually if you are running Windows 7, 8, 10, or Vista. Visit Business Insider’s Tech Reference library to read more stories related to technology.

Defragmenting your computer helps to arrange the data on your hard drive and can significantly enhance its overall performance, particularly in terms of performance speed. Your computer may be in need of a defragmentation if it is operating more slowly than normal.

How to defrag your computer automatically

In most cases, if your computer’s operating system is one of the following versions: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10, or Windows Vista, an automated defragmentation tool should be available that runs on its own every so often. Because this function is automatically activated, you will not be required to perform any further actions to defrag your PC. When it comes to controlling when your computer’s defragmentation operations run, you have some influence over the process to a certain level. 1.To access the Control Panel, use the Windows key on your keyboard or click the Start button on your desktop.

  • If you’re having problems locating the Control Panel, simply put “Control Panel” into the search box and you’ll be able to discover it right away.
  • 2.
  • Click on “System and Security” once you’ve logged into the Control Panel.
  • (3) Select “Defragment and optimize your disks,” which is located beneath the Administrative Tools area of the menu bar.
  • Chrissy Montelli (Business Insider) has contributed to this article.
  • Select “Change settings” from the drop-down menu at the bottom of the window.
  • Chrissy Montelli (Business Insider) has contributed to this article.
  • A more compact window will display.
  • When you’re finished, press the “OK” button.
  • Chrissy Montelli (Business Insider) has contributed to this article.

How to defrag your computer manually

If your computer’s operating system is Windows 7, 8, 10, or Vista, you may do a manual disk defragmentation whenever you believe your machine is in need of one, just as you did with the prior defragmentation procedure. 1.Go to the Control Panel and click on it. 2. Select “System and Security” from the drop-down menu.

(3) Select “Defragment and optimize your disks,” which is located beneath the Administrative Tools area of the menu bar. 4.In the new box that appears, choose the disk drive that you wish to defragment and click OK. 5.To defragment the disk drive, select “Optimize” from the menu bar.

Related coverage fromTech Reference:

Chrissy Montelli is a writer and content developer from Long Island, New York, who has worked all over the world. Ithaca (Ghost City Press), as well as several online publications, is the author of two poetry chapbooks, Heart Float (Bottlecap Press) and Going to Ithaca (Ghost City Press). More: Tech How to Defragment a Computer Windows 10Windows 8Windows 7Windows VistaWindows XPWindows 7Windows It denotes the presence of an expanding section or menu, as well as the presence of previous and next navigation choices.

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How to Defrag a Hard Drive on a Windows 10 Computer : HelloTech How

Every time you create, remove, or change a file on your hard drive, some of the data in that file becomes fragmented, and portions of that data are stored in various locations throughout your hard drive as a result. Your computer may become slower as a result of this over time, since it takes more time for your hard drive to read all of the scattered fragments of data included inside a file. Defragmenting your computer’s hard drives is extremely crucial if you want to keep it functioning properly in the long term.

What is Defragging?

Defragging is a procedure in which your computer arranges the contents of your hard disk in order for it to seek and read items as quickly as possible. This frees up space on your computer’s hard drive and allows it to function more quickly. These days, computers are equipped with an automated defragmentation technique pre-installed on them. Starting with Windows 7, computers may now defrag your hard drives on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis. Previously, this was not possible. However, it is possible for a large number of files to get fragmented before your drive is scheduled to be defragmented.

The following instructions will show you how to manually defrag your Windows 10 computer if it has been operating slowly.

Then choose a drive and press the Optimize button.

How to Defrag a Drive on a Windows 10 Computer

  1. Then, in the bottom-left corner of your screen, click on the magnifying glass symbol. Next, in the search field, typeDefragment and Optimize Drives
  2. Then click on the “Open” button. Alternatively, you may press Enter on your keyboard. You will then see a list of drives on your computer, along with information about each drive, such as its kind, when it was last defragged, and its current condition
  3. After that, click on the Optimize Drives button to begin optimizing your drives. Select the hard disk that needs to be defragmented. It is possible to examine how fragmented your hard disk is under Current state, as well as if it requires optimization or not. ClickAnalyze. If the present status indicates that everything is OK, there is no need to optimize. If it suggests that your hard disk requires optimization, you may want to consider defragging it. ClickOptimize. Wait for the procedure to be completed. When the state of your disk is OK and 0 percent fragmented, you will know it has been defragmented.

TheChange settingsbutton may be used to configure your computer to defrag a drive automatically or to adjust the frequency with which your computer defrags a disk.

Should You Defrag an SSD?

Solid-state drives (SSDs) can get fragmented in the same way that regular hard drives might, but you should not defrag an SSD. Not only is it useless, but it has the potential to reduce the longevity of your hard disk. A hard disk drive (HDD) is a storage device that stores data on magnetic plates. This set of plates spins at thousands of revolutions per minute, and above them is a dedicated read/write head. When you fragment these kind of drives, the data on the spinning plates is aligned with each other.

  1. SSDs, on the other hand, do not have mechanical moving elements like hard disk drives.
  2. Furthermore, every time you delete and rewrite data to SSDs, the quality of the memory chips diminishes.
  3. As a result, you should avoid manually defragmenting an SSD.
  4. This is due to the fact that Windows 10 utilizes a different type of defragmentation for solid state drives (SSDs).

More information regarding this topic may be found in this blog article written by Microsoft’s Scott Hanselman. You may learn more about the differences between an SSD and a hard drive by reading our guide here.

How To Defrag Windows 10 and Is It Worth It?

Over time, you’ll begin to notice that launching programs on your computer is taking longer than usual to complete the process. The overall performance of your computer begins to deteriorate, and it becomes immediately apparent that it is no longer operating at peak performance. This is partly due to the fact that the files on your computer have become fragmented and are no longer functioning properly. It is possible that a manual optimization will be required at this point. Disk Defragmenter was a tool that was available in earlier versions of Windows.

How To Defrag Windows 10. Is It Worth It?

Scheduled optimization is enabled by default in Windows 10 and is carried out automatically. Your disk drives, namely the C: drive, are automatically optimized at least once a week to help your computer perform more effectively, or they are examined to determine whether optimization is necessary. Windows 10, on the other hand, may not always be as efficient as it appears to be, even while it can precisely determine the kind of storage and manage file defragmentation automatically. This is frequently due to the fact that the computer is not left on for long enough for the optimization to take effect, preventing adequate maintenance.

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If you notice any file fragmentation during your investigation, it is possible that your Windows 10 machine may require a defragmentation procedure.

WhyWhen To Defrag Windows 10?

When you save a file repeatedly, various sections of the file are stored in different volumes on your computer. As the file grows in size, more of it will be distributed over volumes, requiring your computer to search through various regions, which will cause your computer to slow down as a result. Apart from SSDs, a disk defragmentation should be performed at least once a week or once a month on all other types of storage devices. Once again, the size of your hard disk and the amount of time you spend on your computer each day affect this.

Optimizing Drives On Windows 10

Prior to optimizing, you’ll want to do a thorough examination of the drive (s). This manner, you’ll be able to determine whether or not the drive(s) in question require optimization in the first place.

  1. Enter the words Defragment and Optimize Drives into the taskbar search box and hit Enter
  2. Click on Analyze after you’ve selected the drive you wish to examine.

If the results of the study reveal that the data is less than 10% fragmented, it is unlikely that an optimization will be required.

  1. What percentage of your data is fragmented more than 10%, according to your analysis results? Select the drive and press the Optimize button.

Depending on the amount of files present, the size of the disk, and the level of fragmentation, the time it takes for the optimization process to complete will vary.

If you are aware that the drive is huge, it is preferable to complete this step when you will not be in front of your computer for a lengthy amount of time.

  1. When the task is completed, the status should read OK (0 percent fragmented).

Setting The Optimization Schedule

By default, the optimizations schedule is configured to execute once a week on Mondays. However, if you are a frequent user of your computer, it is recommended that you reduce the frequency with which the maintenance is performed. When it comes to optimizing disks, Windows 10 has the opportunity to modify the frequency with which they are optimized.

  • To change the options while still in the Optimize Drives window, selectChange settings
  • Select the frequency of optimization from the drop-down menu by clicking on the Frequency drop-down menu. You have the option of choosing between daily, weekly, or monthly delivery.

It is recommended that those who use their laptops frequently use theDailyorWeeklyoption. Regardless matter the option you choose, it is recommended that you execute at least one manual optimization every month. The only exception to this rule is when it comes to SolidS tateD rives (SSDs). SSDs store data in banks of memory, which eliminates the need for defragmentation in the long run. In fact, defragmenting an SSD might result in speed concerns as well as a reduction in the lifespan of the disk.

  • Put a checkbox in each box next to the drives that you wish to have their performance enhanced automatically on your selected schedule.

SSDs will still appear on this list if you happen to have one installed. There is no need to be concerned, since the SSDs will not be defragged. Even more importantly, Windows 10 will make an attempt to optimize these disks in a different manner, so it is safe to leave them checked.

  • To make the changes take effect, click OK
  • Then click OK again, followed by closing the window.

Is Defragmentation Required?

The quick answer is that it does not. It is not necessary to defragment the hard drive. Is it really worth it? We would argue that it is well worth the effort, but the final decision is up to you and how much you value your computer and your time. However, Windows 10 is self-sufficient in terms of computer maintenance. It doesn’t matter if you don’t want to execute a manual defragmentation; your operating system will still do it for you. As long as you don’t forget to do routine maintenance on your computer, it will continue to run well while it is turned on.

How to Defrag Windows 10

Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation It is called “fragmentation” when a large number of files on your hard drive are stored in multiple locations or clusters on your hard drive, causing your computer to run slowly. When you defragment your hard disk, the fragments of data are transferred to regions that are close together (beside each other). It will be simpler for your computer to read the files if you do this. It is important to note that in order to defrag your hard disk, you must enter into an Administrator account.

  1. 1In the Cortana search box, enter the word “defrag.” The Cortana search box may be found in the lower left corner of the desktop, next to the Start button, which is represented by a magnifying glass symbol (see image below). A list of search results will show on the Cortana search window as you write in the search box. The Defragment and Optimize Drives (Desktop app) option will display at the top of the search window when you have finished entering “defrag.” “Defragment and Optimize Drives (Desktop application)” should be selected or tapped. The Optimize Drives dialog box will be displayed as a result of this action. To run “Defragment and Optimize Drives (Desktop software)” as an administrator if you are not logged into an Administrator account, right-click (press and hold) the program’s icon and select “Run as administrator” when the pop-up option appears. Advertisement
  2. s3 Select the drive that needs to be defragmented. There is a “Status” box in the Optimize Drives window, which has a table with rows listing all of the drives on your device as well as any storage media that has been attached to your device. There are four columns with the following titles (from left to right): “Drive,” “Media type,” “Last run,” and “Current state.” The columns are labeled with the following headings (from left to right): By clicking or touching on the drive you wish to improve, it will be highlighted.
  • Towards the end of the list for each drive, you’ll notice its Current Status in the last column, which indicates how fragmented your drive is and what you should do about it (either “OK,” indicating that you don’t need to defrag, or “Needs Optimization”).
  • 4 In the Optimize Drives window, click or touch the “Analyze” button to begin the analysis process. This will determine the amount to which the drive has been fragmented. After a few minutes, the Current Status column alongside the drive you’re testing will display the amount of fragmentation on the disk you’re testing (in %). It is advised that you optimize your drive only if it is 10% or more fragmented
  • Otherwise, it is not recommended.
  • If the amount of fragmentation is less than 10%, you can quit Optimize drives by clicking or tapping the “Close” button at the bottom right corner of the window. When defragmenting your hard drive, it is not recommended to do so more than once a week, since this can increase the wear and tear on your hard drive.
  • 5 To begin defragmenting your hard disk, click the “Optimize” icon in the toolbar. The defragmentation process will take some time (a few minutes to several hours) depending on the size of your hard drive, the number of files on your hard drive, and how fragmented the data on your hard drive are. An update on the progress of optimization will be provided in real time by the Current Status column.
  • It is safe to assume that the defragging procedure has been completed when the running progress report has stopped and the entry in the Current Status column has changed to “OK.” The percentage of defragmentation is included in parentheses under the word “OK.” If your hard drive is not overly full, the percentage is zero. This procedure might take several hours if your hard drive is huge and has a significant number of fragmented files. If your hard disk is large and contains many fragmented files, the defragging process could take several hours. This time, it would be wiser to start the defragmentation process while doing something else, such as reading a book, doing chores, taking a sleep, or anything similar.
  1. 6When you’re finished, close the menu. When the defragmentation process is complete, click the “Close” button located in the bottom right corner of the window to close Optimize Drives and leave the program. Advertisement
  1. 1Click on Start and hold down the Win key and the X key. A right-click menu will appear as a result of this. 2SelectCommand Prompt (Administrator) orWindows Powershell (Administrator)
  2. 3Click on the Yes button. As a result, Command Prompt will be able to operate as an administrator. 4 Type the following command onto your computer: defragment the C: drive. Performing this operation will defragment the disk on which Windows 10 is installed. Advertisement

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  • Question Is it correct to say that the terms “defrag” and “defragment” signify the same thing? They do, in fact. “Defrag” is an abbreviation for the phrase “defragment.” It’s comparable to the words “technology” and “technology.” Question Is it true that Windows 10 defrags itself automatically once a month? ZuubytronCommunity’s Response If you go into the control panel, you will be able to check how frequently the computer is being defragmented. Once or twice a month is usually sufficient

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  • While defragging is in progress, you can continue to work on your device
  • However, your computer will slow down, so it is best to wait until the defragging is complete before continuing to work on your device. The Windows 10 operating system will automatically optimize and defragment your hard disks on a weekly basis.

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  • While the defragging procedure is in progress, you should take care not to jostle or move your device in an unexpected manner, as this might cause harm to your hard drive.


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In computer science, defragmentation is the process of locating detachable pieces of data or files, re-establishing all of the fragmented data or files, and then mending them into a smaller number of fragments. This method also improves the retrieval efficiency of data or access time, lowers file-system fragmentation, and allows for the use of storage more efficiently and quickly as a result of the increased retrieval efficiency and access time. The hard disk drive becomes fragmented over time, and the data becomes fragmented when your computer saves the data and stores it in several areas on the hard disk drive, resulting in a decrease in the speed of your desktop computer or laptop.

In order to defragment a hard disk drive, all of the fragmented data or files must be moved to more convenient locations.

A defragmentation of the hard disk drive is required from time to time due to the fact that data or files stored on the hard disk drive get fragmented over time. This guide will walk you through the process of defragmenting a hard disk drive in Microsoft Windows 10.

Method 1 – Using the Built-in Defragment App

To begin, please follow the steps outlined below. Step 1: Click on the Start button. 2nd Step: Type “Defragment and Optimize Drives” into the search box and hit Enter to open Optimize Drives. Click Analyze after selecting the hard disk that needs optimizing in Step 3 above. Note: You must always do a hard disk drive analysis first; this will reveal the proportion of fragmented portions on the drive. Unless the fragmentation level is greater than 10%, you do not need to optimize your hard disk drive, since it is not recommended to defragment your hard disk drive quickly.

Step 5When the defragmentation procedure is complete, click the “Close” button to close the Optimize Drives window and exit the program.

Method 2 – Using Command Prompt

To begin, please follow the steps outlined below. Step 1: Press the “Window + X” key combination or right-click on the Start button. Step 2: Select Command Prompt from the drop-down menu (Admin). Command Prompt (Admin) will now be able to operate as an Administrator if you choose the “Yes” button in Step 3. The “defrag C:” command is used to defragment the hard disk in Step 4.


It is possible to defragment your hard disk drive in Windows 10 by using any of the techniques listed above. I hope you found this information interesting. Follow CCorner to learn more about Windows 10’s unique and innovative features. Thank you for taking the time to read this article.

Defragment Your Windows 10 Hard Drive for Best Performance

  • Select the driveAnalyze option from the Defragment and Optimize Drives menu. Select the drive once again. Optimize
  • If you have a hard disk drive, you may use the Optimize Drives program to defragment the disk. If you have an SSD, you should avoid defragmenting at all costs. Using the dfrgui application, you can determine if you have a hard disk or a solid-state drive.

How to defragment your Windows 10 hard drive, including how to determine what sort of hard drive you have and how to defragment the disk if it is an HDD, are detailed in this article.

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How To Defragment a Windows 10 Hard Drive

If you know you have a hard disk drive (HDD), you may proceed with the defragmentation process. To begin, you’ll need to assess how badly it has been fractured.

  1. Open the Optimize Drives window by typing ‘optimize’ in the search box next to the Windows Start button. Then selectDefragment and optimize drives to bring up the Defragment and optimize drives window. Select the disk that needs to be defragmented and then click Analyze. It is possible that the analysis will take several minutes. You’ll be able to view the progress of the analysis in theCurrent statusfield for the drive you’re now studying
  2. Once the analysis is complete, you can check theCurrent statusfield for the findings of the analysis. The proportion of the disk that is fragmented will be shown next to the word OK. In order to get ideal performance, it is recommended that you keep your hard disk at less than 5 percent of its capacity. For drives with more than 10% fragmentation, you should use Windows’s Optimize program to rearrange them. If you’ve opted to defragment your Windows 10 disk, pick it once more in the Optimize Drives box. Once you’ve done that, click the Optimize button. The Optimize Drives tool will re-analyze the disk and then start the defragmentation process. Checking the Current statusfield will allow you to keep track of the progress of the defragmentation process. Several phrases, such as “analyzed,” “relocated,” and “defragmented,” will appear on the screen throughout the defragmentation procedure. There will be multiple “Passes” covered in this. Upon completion of this process, the “OK (0 percent fragmented)” status field in the Current statusfield will display. This indicates that your hard drive has been completely defragmented.

Automatically Optimize Your Drive

Instead of attempting to remember to do this entire procedure manually on a regular basis, you may enable Windows 10 to complete it automatically on a regular basis.

  1. Turn on scheduled optimization in the same Optimize Drives box by selectingTurn on beneath theScheduled optimizationsection. If it is already activated, the message will read “Change settings,” which will open the Optimization schedule box for you to configure. To optimize your driving on a timetable, selectRun on a schedule and enter the frequency you’d want to use. It is possible to define the optimization schedule for more than one drive
  2. In this case, use the Choosebutton to choose which drive to optimize. Set up a timetable for the drive you want to optimize, turn on the option to automatically optimize new drives, and hit the OK button. To return to the main Optimize Drives window, press the OK button. Once you’ve reached this point, you can pressClose to terminate the entire software, since you’ve finished with it. Now that Windows 10 is installed, your computer will automatically defragment your hard drive on a regular basis, so you won’t have to worry about forgetting to do it yourself.

How To Tell if You Have an SSD or HDD

Despite the introduction of Windows 10, many computers still use a Hard Disk Drive (HDD), which is a mechanical, magnetic disk that stores and retrieves digital information. If your Windows computer contains a hard disk drive, you’ll want to defrag the device from time to time to keep it running smoothly. If your computer has a Solid State Drive (SSD), you should avoid defragmenting it completely.

  1. To launch the Run box, click on the Windows Start button, enter Run, and then pick theRun App from the Start menu. To launch the Optimize Drives window, typedfrguiin the Open field and hit Enter
  2. This will open the Optimize Drives window. You’ll be able to see all of the hard disks that are currently installed on your system. If the Media type section for the drive you wish to defragment contains the words Hard disk drive, then the drive is an HDD drive. If it says Solid state drive in that field, it’s an SSD
  3. Otherwise, it’s not.


In order to recover information from a hard disk drive, a mechanical arm is moved across the disk. If the information it retrieves is fragmented across many areas of the disk, this necessitates a significant amount of additional movement and results in a significantly longer retrieval time (that is, the computer can feel slower than when you first got it). However, because it reads data electronically from each memory storage place without the need of moving parts, fragmentation on a solid-state drive will never seem any slower than it already is.

In addition, defragging an SSD causes the drive to be overworked, causing it to fail. Furthermore, because SSD memory cells deteriorate with each read and write operation, defragging the disk wastes valuable time and reduces the lifespan of the drive. Thank you for informing us about this!

How To Defrag Disk Windows 10

As a result of fragmentation in the file system, the PC becomes more sluggish to work over time. This has a negative impact on your productivity and prevents you from performing fundamental chores. It is advised that you defragment your drive in Windows 10 in order to fix this issue and improve the overall efficiency of your computer. Fortunately, there is a simple method to accomplish this using the Disk Optimizer feature provided by Advanced System Optimizer – the finest and free PC cleaner available.

  • What is the definition of hard disk fragmentation?
  • It becomes fragmented throughout time as it is separated into multiple tracks, with each track being further subdivided into distinct sectors.
  • During the data storage process, the head arm traverses the surface of the hard disk in search of available space to store the entire information in either a sequential or linear pattern, depending on the model.
  • Thus, when the data has been returned, the head arm does not have to spin as many times in order to locate the entire set of data.
  • As a result, during the reading back of the information, the head arm is required to read the dispersed information from various locations by rotating the head arm many times.
  • What is the source of disk fragmentation?
  • This occurs when there is a scarcity of contiguous (continuous or linear) space available to be assigned to a task.
  • Fragmentation is mostly caused by the following factors: – When there isn’t enough empty space on the hard drive to hold all of the information at once, the information is stored in segments on the hard disk.
  • As a result of this procedure, gaps are formed between the segments of the hard drive, fragmenting it.
  • A typical scenario is that the system produces an extension for the file and saves it in a different location than the original.

The information is subsequently saved on the hard disk in chunks, one after the other.

How to defrag disk Windows 10

The hard drive is always in use due to the fact that we store data and information on it. In addition, random deletions and uninstallations leave little pieces of empty space in the wake of the operation. These little pockets of empty space are dispersed around the hard disk, and there is no continuous space available for the storage of new files in this location. In such a case, the system is compelled to store the data on little portions of empty space that are readily available. As a result, the read time for data increases, and the system becomes unresponsive.

Advanced System Optimizer provides Disk Optimizer as a tool to assist in the resolution of this issue.

Using this method, you may defragment your hard drive and free up space that can be used for more efficient and effective storage needs.

In a nutshell, Disk Optimizer was developed to defragment the hard drives of computers running Windows 7, 10, and other versions of the Windows operating system.

How do I Defrag My Computer?

Follow the steps outlined below to defragment your hard drive on Windows 7 and Windows 10.

  1. Open Advanced System Optimizer and choose Disk CleanerOptimizersDisk Optimizer from the drop-down menu.

This will open a new window with 5 simple steps: 1. Click on the button below. 1) Welcome, 2) Scan, 3) Results, and 4) Optimization 5). Finish Step 1: Greetings On the Welcome page, you would discover a dropdown menu under the heading “Select Hard Drive” from which you would need to select a drive in order to start the scanning process. To begin the scan on the selected drive, click on the “Start Scan Now” button that appears once you have completed the previous steps. Direct Defragmentation Also available is the option to bypass the disk analysis and begin the defragmentation procedure for the specified drive immediately by selecting it and clicking on it.

Step 2: Perform a scan The scanning progress of the chosen drive is displayed in the next step.

The hard disk’s current state is depicted graphically in the graph.

Detailed explanations of the terminology used in the Legend:

  • Free– Refers to the space on the hard drive that contains no data and may be utilized for a variety of reasons, such as storage. Disk Optimizer consolidates all of the dispersed bits of free space on the disk into a single location on the disk. Allocated– This term refers to the space that has been set aside by the system for the storage of critical files. Disk Optimizer finds and eliminates pieces that have accumulated in the allocated space
  • In computer terminology, defragmented refers to information on a hard drive that has not been scattered and has been saved in a single continuous location. Fragmented– This term refers to data that is stored in numerous areas on a hard drive, which is known as fragmentation. Defragmentation of the data by Disk Optimizer allows for quicker data access. MFT–This abbreviation refers to the Master File Table, which is where the information about each file and directory, as well as its properties, is kept. It is always preferable if the MFT is stored on the hard drive in a continuous area of available storage. The search for any information or file will become far more efficient as a result. Disk Optimizer defragments the MFT that has become disorganized. Contiguous MFT on the hard drive enhances responsiveness and performance since it is contiguous. As a result, the pre-allocated space for MFT is not used during ordinary storage, and the cluster of this space, which is referred to as the MFT Zone, stays non-fragmented. When all of the available space on the hard disk has been used up, the MFT Zone is accessed. When the MFT is enlarged, it also becomes fragmented, as seen in the following diagram. The fact that this has a direct influence on data access time and system performance makes it a major area of concern. Disk Optimizer detects and eliminates fragments from the MFT Zone
  • It also optimizes the performance of the disk. Directory– A term used to refer to directories that are stored on hard drive space. A directory is a storage location for several files, folders, or pieces of information. Disk Optimizer locates and pulls together fragments of directories that have been spread over the disk. Pagefile– This term refers to a section of the hard disk where data that has not been utilized lately in RAM is saved. Because it contains a single continuous amount of data, a pagefile can be read more quickly. The user has the ability to customize the size of the pagefile to meet their own needs. It will defragment the fragmented pagefile in order to provide quicker data access. In order to prevent user meddling, the system locks or makes non-editable files, directories, and programs available for usage only by the system administrator. Some files that are currently in use are unable to be included in the defragmentation process. Such files are also regarded as being locked. Consequently, Disk Optimizer will be unable to defragment the locked files.

You may halt the scanning process at any point by clicking on the “Stop”button on the tool bar. Step 3: Obtaining Results Once the scanning process is complete, a scan summary is shown. Figures for the amount of hard disk space that has been discovered to be fragmented, the number of files that have been discovered to be fragmented (non-optimized), and the current biggest volume of contiguous space located on the hard drive are presented in rough proportions. Additionally, you will be informed on whether or not defragmentation is required.

The disk scanning report may be examined in further detail by selecting “Detailed Report” from the drop-down menu.

The data fragmentation on the hard drive has a negative impact on the system’s performance, and it should be addressed as quickly as possible.

If you click on the “Cancel”button, you will be sent back to the Welcome screen, where you can run another check for fragmentation on another disk.

During this process, the little chunks of free space are combined to form a bigger piece of free space that may be used for more effective and efficient information storage.

It will take some time for this procedure to be completed.

Step 5: Bring it all together.

You may examine the exact details of the defragmentation operation by selecting the “Display Report”button from the toolbar.

You can return to the Welcome screen by clicking on the “Finish”button, which will initiate the defragmentation process for the remaining disks.

The defragmentation operation for your hard drive may be scheduled with the help of the Scheduler.

This is a useful technique since we are prone to skipping this crucial duty on a regular basis.

Scan can be scheduled to run every day at a specific timeOR to run once on a specified day (which can be set using the calendar dropdown) and time (which can be set using the time picker).

The planned scan for the following day is displayed at the bottom of the screen.

We hope you find this material to be useful and that you have gained an understanding of how to defragment a Windows 10 hard drive. In the event that you have any queries about this product, please feel free to contact our customer service team at [email protected]

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