How To Install Linux On Windows 10

Contents

How to Install Linux on Windows 10 : HelloTech How

Linux is a group of operating systems that are free and open-source. They are based on the Linux kernel and may be obtained for free from the Internet. A Mac or a Windows machine may be used to run these programs with no problems. This article will show you how to install Linux on a Windows 10 computer. If you wish to dual boot Linux and Windows, you will need to make a separate partition on your computer for your Linux operating system. Your primary hard disk will need to be partitioned in order to accomplish this.

How to Partition a Hard Drive in Windows 10

  1. Open the Windows Search Bar by pressing the Windows key + F. You may find this by clicking on the magnifying glass icon in the bottom-left corner of your screen
  2. Then type “DISKMGMT.MSC” into the search box and press Enter
  3. Shrink the volume of your main hard disk by selecting it from the context menu. Ensure that the drive that indicates Primary Partition is selected if you have more than one disk installed. The C: drive is often designated as the primary storage location. Then you may decide how much you want to reduce the size of your drive. To ensure that you have enough space for Linux, it is advised that you set aside at least 20GB (20,000MB). Finally, press the Shrink button.

Once you’ve determined a suitable location for Linux installation, you’ll need to copy a Linux distribution on a USB thumb drive or external storage with a capacity of at least 4GB. Here’s how you can go about it:

How to Make a Linux Bootable USB

  1. Download an ISO image of a Linux distribution. A disk image is represented by an ISO file. Ubuntu, Mint, and Fedora are among of the most popular choices. They are available for free download on the main website of each distributor. Ubuntu is the operating system that we will be utilizing in this article. Insert the USB drive into the USB port on the computer. It is possible that you will be requested to format your hard disk. This will completely wipe out all of the information saved on your hard disk, so create a backup of your files before you begin. Rufus may be downloaded here. You may get the most recent version of the program from this link. Rufus should be launched and the USB device should be selected from the Device list. If you’re not sure which drive to utilize, remove all of your other drives until you’re left with only one to pick between
  2. Select the ISO file you downloaded earlier from the Boot Selection drop-down menu by clicking the Select button. Don’t make any further changes to the default settings. Finally, press the Start button. Choose ISO if you see a pop-up window asking you to choose the type of mode you wish to use to write the image to your hard drive.

Then sit back and wait for Rufus to successfully mount your ISO file onto your hard drive. This may take some time, so please be patient if the progress meter appears to be frozen. Warning: This will completely wipe out all of the data on your hard disk, so create a backup of any vital information before proceeding.

How to Install Linux from USB

Now that you have your Linux distribution on a USB flash drive, here’s how to install it.

  1. Insert a bootable Linux USB drive into your computer and select the Start menu option. Hold down the SHIFT key while pressing the Restart button, which is located in the lower-left corner of your screen and looks like the Windows logo
  2. Then press the Restart button again. Select Use a Device from the Windows Recovery Environment that appears
  3. This will transport you to the Windows Recovery Environment
  4. Find your device in the list of available options. If you don’t see your drive, choose EFI USB Device from the drop-down menu and then select your drive from the subsequent page
  5. Your machine will now boot into Linux. Depending on why your machine rebooted Windows, there was either a problem with your hard drive or you may need to make changes to your BIOS settings. If you don’t know what you’re doing with your BIOS settings, you might cause serious damage to your machine. Install Linux is the option to choose. Some distributions additionally allow you to test the operating system before installing it here
  6. Follow the instructions to complete the installation. This will vary depending on whatever operating system you are attempting to install. These specifics may include your WiFi network, language, time zone, keyboard layout, and other relevant information. A user name and password may also be required if you are requested to register for an account. Make a note of any important information, as you will most likely need it in the future. During the installation, most distributions will enable you to partition your hard drive or delete it and do a clean installation. Warning: Erasing your drive will result in the loss of all of your settings, data, and the Windows operating system that was previously installed. Select Erase only if you have made backup copies of all of your files before beginning the installation procedure. If you are requested to reboot your computer, do so. The GNU GRUB screen will appear after rebooting your computer if you have more than one operating system installed on it. This page allows you to pick the operating system that you wish to start up.

Insert a USB device that has a bootable Linux image; choose the Start button from the start menu. Keep the SHIFT key pressed while hitting the Restart button, which is located in the lower-left corner of your screen and looks like the Windows logo. To access the Windows Recovery Environment, select Use a Device from the drop-down menu. Your gadget should be listed somewhere. Choose EFI USB Device from the drop-down menu if your drive is not visible; your machine will now boot into Linux. If your drive is not visible, choose EFI USB Device from the drop-down menu.

  • A word of caution: Changing your computer’s BIOS settings might be dangerous if done incorrectly.
  • It is also possible to test the operating system before installing it on this computer with some distributions.
  • Which distribution you are attempting to install will have an impact on this step.
  • A user name and password may also be required if you are requested to create an account with the website.
  • During the installation process, most distributions will enable you to partition your hard drive or delete it and do a clean install.
  • Make sure you have backup copies of all of your files before beginning the installation process; otherwise, pick Erase instead.
  • The GNU GRUB screen will be displayed after rebooting if you have more than one operating system installed on your machine.

Selecting the operating system from this screen is possible.

Install WSL

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In this article

You must be using Windows 10 version 2004 or above (Build 19041 or higher) or Windows 11 in order to use this feature. Note Press the Windows logo key + R, enter winver, and then press the OK button to find out what version of Windows you’re running. Choose StartSettingsWindows Update from the start menu to get the most recent version of Windows installed. Keep an eye out for updates. In case you’re using a previous build, or if you just prefer not to use the install command and would want step-by-step instructions, see WSL manual installation procedures for older versions for information.

Install

The following command, when performed in an administrator PowerShell or Windows Command Prompt, will complete the installation of everything required to operate the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). Restart your computer once you have completed the installation. Installing WSL is as simple as typing wsl. This program will activate the optional components that are necessary, download the most recent Linux kernel, set WSL 2 as your default, and install a Linux distribution for you on your computer (Ubuntu by default, see below to change this).

Every launch in the future should take less than a second to complete.

Change the default Linux distribution installed

Ubuntu will be the Linux distribution that is automatically installed. The-dflag can be used to override this setting.

  • Wsl -install -dDistribution Name can be used to alter the distribution that is currently installed. You should replaceDistribution Name with the name of the distribution that you want to install
  • Wsl -list -onlineorwsl -l -o are two commands that may be used to view the list of available Linux distributions that are available for download through the online shop. You can also use the following command to install other Linux distributions after the first installation:wsl -install -dDistribution Name
  • Wsl -install -dDistribution Name

Tip Installing extra distributions from inside a Linux/Bash command line (rather than through PowerShell or the Command Prompt) necessitates the inclusion of the.exe suffix in the command:wsl.exe -install-distributionwsl.exe -install-distribution wsl.exe -l -o will provide a list of possible distributions based on the name of the distribution. If you encounter a problem during the installation process, go to the installation section of the troubleshooting guide for assistance.

Set up your Linux user info

You will need to create a user account and password for your newly installed Linux distribution after you have completed the WSL installation process. More information can be found in theBest practices for setting up a WSL development environmentguide.

Set up and best practices

For a step-by-step walk-through of how to set up a user name and password for your installed Linux distribution(s), use basic WSL commands, install and customize Windows Terminal, set up for Git version control, code editing and debugging using the VS Code remote server, good practices for file storage, setting up a database, mounting an external drive, configuring GPU acceleration, and more, we recommend that you refer to ourBest practices for setting up a WSL development environmentguide.

Check which version of WSL you are running

By using the command:wsl -l -vin PowerShell or Windows Command Prompt, you can see a list of your installed Linux distributions and see what version of WSL each one is running on. When installing a new Linux distribution, you may use the command:wsl -set-default-versionVersion to change the default version to WSL 1 or WSL 2 by replacingVersion with either 1 or 2 in the command line. wsl -sDistributionNameorwsl -setdefaultDistributionNameare two options for setting the default Linux distribution used by thewslcommand.

For example, using PowerShell/CMD, type:wsl -s Debian to change the default distribution to Debian as a starting point.

wsl -dDistributionName is a command that can be used to run a specific wsl distribution from within PowerShell or Windows Command Prompt without altering your default distribution.

More information may be found in the guide to WSL’s basic commands.

Upgrade version from WSL 1 to WSL 2

WSL 1 and WSL 2 are compatible with previously installed Linux distributions. To upgrade from WSL 1 to WSL 2, run the following command:wsl -set-version-distro name2replacingdistro namewith the name of the Linux distribution that you wish to update. For example, the command wsl -set-version Ubuntu-20.04 2 will configure your Ubuntu 20.04 installation to make advantage of WSL 2 by default. Additionally, you may need to activate the virtual machine optional component, which is utilized by WSL 2, as well as install the kernel package, if you haven’t previously.

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The tool wsl -l -v may be used to determine if your Linux distribution is configured for WSL 1 or WSL 2.

WSL 1 vs.

Ways to run multiple Linux distributions with WSL

WSL is capable of running as many different Linux distributions as you choose to install on your system. Choose among distributions available from the Microsoft Store, import an existing custom distribution, or create your own custom distribution from the ground up. Once your Linux distributions have been installed, you may use them in a variety of ways:

  1. Install the Windows Terminal program (Recommended) If you are using Windows Terminal, you can install as many command lines as you want, and you can open them in as many tabs or window panes as you want, allowing you to rapidly switch between numerous Linux distributions or other command lines without having to restart your computer (PowerShell, Command Prompt, PowerShell, Azure CLI, etc). You can completely personalize your terminal by selecting from a variety of color schemes, font styles, and sizes, as well as backdrop pictures and custom keyboard shortcuts. Find out more
  2. Alternatively, you may access your Linux distribution directly by going to the Windows Start menu and inputting the name of the distribution you have installed. Take, for example, “Ubuntu.” Ubuntu will be launched in its own console window as a result of this. Using the Windows Command Prompt or PowerShell, you may input the name of the distribution that you have installed. Take, for example, Ubuntu. You may access your default Linux distribution from your current command line by executing the following commands:wsl.exe
  3. From the Windows Command Prompt or PowerShell:wsl.exe
  4. You may utilize your default Linux distribution from your existing command line, without having to create a new one, by using the following command: wsl from the Windows Command Prompt or PowerShell: Using a WSL command, such as:wsl -l -v to list installed distributions orwsl pwd to see where the current directory path is mounted in wsl, can be substituted. If you’re using PowerShell, the commands get-date and wsl date will return the current date from the Windows file system and Linux file system, respectively.

Depending on what you’re doing, you should use a different technique. Exit the WSL command line if you have opened it in a Windows Prompt or PowerShell window and wish to close it. The command:exit will do the trick.

Want to try the latest WSL preview features?

By participating in the Windows Insiders Program, you will be able to test the latest recent features and upgrades to WSL. Once you have signed up to be a Windows Insider, you can select the channel from which you would want to get preview builds from inside the Windows settings menu.

This will ensure that you receive any WSL updates or preview features connected with that build without having to do anything. You have a choice between the following:

  • The development channel has the most recent changes, however it has limited stability. Beta channel: This channel is ideal for early adopters since it provides more dependable builds than the Dev channel. Preview fixes and major features on the upcoming version of Windows immediately before they are made available to the entire public through the Release Preview channel.

Additional resources

  • Windows Command Line Blog: Installing WSL with a single command is now accessible in Windows 10 versions 2004 and above
  • Windows Command Line Blog:

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Install Ubuntu on Windows 10

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  • Packages, upgrades, and security features are available in an unrivaled variety. No virtual machines or dual-booting are required in the case of Bash, Z-Shell, Korn, and other shell environments. Using native Windows technologies such as SSH, Git, apt, and dpkg, you can do your tasks more quickly. A large and welcoming group of users who are nice and approachable

2. Requirements

You’ll need an x86 PC running Windows 10 to complete this task. The Windows 10 Fall Creators update, which was published in October 2017, must be installed in order for the operating system to function properly. Among the new features is the Windows Subsystem for Linux, which is required in order to operate the Ubuntu terminal.

3. Enable WSL

Run the following command in PowerShell as Administrator to activate WSL 1 on Windows 10 Fall Creators update and newer:dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux /all /norestart Windows 10 May 2020 update and newer require the following PowerShell commands to be executed as Administrator:dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:VirtualMachinePlatform /all /norestart followed by a restart of the operating system.

4. Install Ubuntu for Windows 10

Ubuntu may be downloaded and installed via the Microsoft Store by following these steps:

  1. To start the Microsoft Store application, choose it from the Start menu or go to this link. Select the first option, ‘Ubuntu’, which is published by Canonical Group Limited, after searching for Ubuntu. Install the software by clicking on theInstallbutton.

Ubuntu will be downloaded and installed on your computer without your intervention. The Microsoft Store application will provide updates on the progress of the project.

5. Launch Ubuntu on Windows 10

With the new release, Ubuntu may be opened in the same way as any other Windows 10 application, such as by searching for and choosing Ubuntu from the Start menu, as previously.

First launch

When Ubuntu is initially opened, it will alert you that it is ‘Installing’ and that you will need to wait a few seconds. Once the installation is complete, you will be prompted to provide a username and password that are personal to your Ubuntu installation. These do not have to be the same as the credentials you used to get into Windows 10. Following the completion of this step, you will be presented with the Ubuntu bash command line.Congratulations! You have completed the installation and activation of the Ubuntu terminal on Windows 10.

Your command line now has the full power of the command line at your disposal.

6. Getting help

Consider consulting the Ubuntu terminal’s community documentation for assistance in getting started, and if you run into trouble, don’t hesitate to contact the Ubuntu terminal’s support team:

  • WSL on the Ubuntu Wiki
  • Ask Ubuntu
  • Ubuntu Forums
  • IRC-based support
  • WSL on the Ubuntu Wiki

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How to Install Linux (Ubuntu) on Windows 10 [Ultimate Guide 2022]

What is the best way to install Linux on Windows 10? What is the best way to install Ubuntu on Windows 10? What is the best way to install Kali on Windows 10? Despite this, many people are interested in giving the Linux operating system a try. MiniToolprovides full instructions on how to dual boot Windows 10 and Linux, which can be found here. Windows, Mac OS, and Linux are the three primary operating systems in the field of embedded desktop operating systems, and they account for virtually all of the market share.

As a result, many Windows users are interested in giving Linux a try, and many are curious about how to install Linux on Windows 10.

As a matter of fact, Linux is divided into several different distributions, with Ubuntu (a Debian-based distribution) being the most well-known of them. According to PCWorld, the following are the top 10 Linux distributions:

  • Ubuntu, Fedora, Linux Mint, openSUSE, PCLinuxOS, Debian, Mandriva, Sabayon/Gentoo, Arch Linux, and Puppy Linux are some of the popular Linux distributions.

Because Ubuntu is the one that the majority of people are familiar with, I will walk you through the process of installing Linux on Windows 10 using Ubuntu as an example today. Installing the other requires a procedure that is extremely identical to the first. Due to the fact that it requires altering existing partitions, this installation has the potential to go horribly wrong very quickly. Please be cautious about which partitions you are altering and where you are installing Ubuntu to avoid confusion.

Way 1. Install Linux (Ubuntu) on Windows 10 for Dual Boot

To install Ubuntu on Windows 10, the first thing you’ll need to do is create the Ubuntu ISO file, which can be found here. You may obtain it by clicking on the following link. Simply choose the operating system that you desire. -Image courtesy of ubuntu.com

Step 2. Create a Bootable USB Drive for Ubuntu

Prepare a USB flash device that has been formatted in the FAT32 file system. Check see this guide on how to format a USB disk to FAT32. Then, using a program such as UNetbootin or Rufus, burn the Ubuntu ISO image on the USB device you created.

Step 3. Make Unallocated Space Where Ubuntu Will Be Installed

It is advised that your computer has at least 10 GB of free disk space before you attempt to install Linux on it (2 for the OS, while the rest for the files and applications). So you’ve been tasked with the responsibility of freeing up some disk space on your Windows machine. There are a variety of options available here. The Windows Disk Management program allows you to resize the C drive or erase a non-system partition to free up some previously unallocated space if you are familiar with it (please ensure that you have made the file backup before the deletion).

Download it for free.

Step 4. Install Ubuntu along with Windows 10

Now that we’ve gotten down to the nitty-gritty of how to install Ubuntu on Windows 10, please pay close attention to the detailed instructions. 1. Start the computer from the USB drive. First and foremost, configure your device to boot from the Ubuntu bootable USB drive. You will need to go into the BIOS settings and modify the boot priority in order to accomplish this. You may usually enter the BIOS system by repeatedly hitting a certain key just before the Windows logo shows. That key can be any of the following: F2, F10, F12, Dele, or any combination thereof.

  1. When you are in the BIOS, go to the Boot Option menu and choose the USB flash drive as the boot device to use.
  2. 2.
  3. When you see a fully working Ubuntu system operating in live mode, selectInstall Ubuntu, and the installer will begin to work its way through the machine.
  4. To go to the next screen, select the first choice.

Install the program as usual, then click Continue. Other alternatives can be selected as a hint. you have a reliable internet connection and the necessary qualifications. Alternatively, you may choose to ignore this option. You have three options to pick from in the following window:

  1. Install Ubuntu alongside Windows 10: If you choose to go with this option, all of the options for the partitioning procedures will be created automatically. Please carefully read the information in the new window that displays what will happen to your disk before clicking on the “Confirm” button. Alternatively, pick Something else to make more changes manually
  2. And/or Install Ubuntu after wiping the disk clean: Using this method, the entire disk will be erased, and then Ubuntu will be installed. Avoid selecting this option if you want to dual-boot Windows 10 and Linux on the same computer. Something more to consider: Create a partition specifically for Ubuntu. What is the best way to get past the Something Else setting? Take a look at the information below.

In a nutshell, this will need the creation of essential partitions for Ubuntu. It is recommended that you establish two partitions, one for root and the other for data from your personal accounts. The use of a swap partition is not required. When you have low RAM resources, you should only use a Swap partition. To create the first partition, also known as the root partition, pick the free space that you obtained in Step 3 and click on the plus sign (+) icon in the lower-left corner of the screen.

  • Size: at least 20,000 megabytes (MB)
  • Primary is the partition type for the new partition. The location of the new division is as follows: the beginning of this space
  • It may be used as an Ext4 journaling file system. Point of attachment:/

Create a second Home partition by following the identical instructions as above for the first. Following is an example of how partition setups should look:

  • Dimensions: the entire amount of available space
  • Primary is the partition type for the new partition. The location of the new division is as follows: the beginning of this space
  • It may be used as an Ext4 journaling file system. /home is the mounting location

When you are completed, click theInstall Nowbutton and carefully read the notice that appears in the pop-up window before clicking theContinue button. Make certain that the newly generated partitions are the ones that need to be altered. The installation procedure will begin at this moment. Please bear with me since this is the end of the narrative. The next screen will inquire as to your location. Simply choose your city or a nearby city from the map to get started. When you’re finished, click Continue to proceed.

  • Following that, it will ask for your name, your computer’s name, a username, and a password in order to create a default user account.
  • Thank you for your cooperation.
  • All of the configurations necessary for personalizing the Ubuntu installation have now been completed.
  • Select “Restart Now” from the drop-down menu.
  • See this page for a more in-depth guide!
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Step 5. Dual Boot Windows 10 and Linux

Listed here is a straightforward approach to dual-booting Windows 10 and Linux. After the machine has been rebooted, you will be presented with the Grub menu, which will prompt you to select the operating system you wish to run. Choose between Ubuntu (the default) and Windows 10 depending on your needs. Tip: The NTFS file system is supported by Ubuntu by default. As a result, you will have no problem accessing the Windows partitions. That’s all there is to it! Restart your computer and pick the Windows option from the Grub menu if you need to revert to Windows 10.

Way 2. Install Linux on VirtualBox on Windows 10

Alternatively, if you only want to utilize Linux for a short period of time, you may install it on VirtualBox.

It will demand at least 15 GB of free disk space to install Linux on your computer. In this situation, MiniTool Partition Wizard might be of assistance. Listed below is a straightforward approach to installing Linux on VirtualBox:

  1. Download VirtualBox by clicking here. Get the Linux operating system (Linux Mint) from here. Start VirtualBox and provide the system name, type (Linux), and version information. Set the amount of RAM that this Linux operating system will consume. Configure the hard disk
  2. Select the iso file for your Linux distribution. Installing and configuring the Linux operating system

Wrapping Things Up

After reading this, I believe you are aware of how to install Ubuntu within Windows 10 and how to dual boot Windows 10 and Linux. If all of the stages are completed correctly, the entire method is pretty straightforward. Please let us know if you have been successful in installing Ubuntu on Windows 10 in the comment section below. If you have any issues about the MiniTool program, please contact us.

Install Linux on Windows 10 FAQ

Is it possible to install Linux on Windows 10? Yes, without a doubt. Linux may be installed not just on a computer running Windows 10, but it can also be installed on a USB flash drive. However, if you want to use your computer on a daily basis, you could opt to install Linux on it. Is Windows 10 based on the Linux operating system? Nope. Microsoft is not attempting to turn Windows 10 into a Linux distribution, as some have suggested. The Windows kernel will continue to serve as the foundation for all Windows operating systems.

When it comes to the computer market, Linux is consistently ranked third, after Windows and Mac OS.

Is it necessary to have antivirus software on Linux?

However, if your Linux system is operating alongside Windows, it is still susceptible to infection because your Windows machine is likely to be infected as a result of the infection.

How to install Linux on your Windows PC

Do you want to be able to use any browser you choose instead of being compelled to use Edge? Are you tired of being told that you need to “upgrade” to Windows 11? Are you fed up with one Windows 10 zero-day vulnerability after another being exploited? I’d like to make a radical suggestion: Make the switch to Linux. Now, I’ve been telling you this for years, just as I’ve been urging you not to use the term “password” as a password and to make use of virtual private networks since they were first introduced.

  • Also: Your Windows 11 update has been completed.
  • For years, there have been stale justifications for why people couldn’t make the jump to Linux.
  • There is just one argument that still holds water, and that is that not all Windows apps will function properly on Linux systems.
  • Examples include the ability to run Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator on a Linux system.
  • Do you see what I’m talking about?
  • So, what is the best way to go about it?
  • Companies like as PC behemoths Dell and Lenovo, as well as Linux-specific OEMs such as System76, all provide high-quality devices that are ready to use.

I’m going to walk you through the process of installing Linux Mint in this post. Mint is my preferred Linux desktop environment. However, the fundamental instructions are applicable to any desktop Linux, and they are suitable for both newbies and seasoned professionals.

Download Linux Mint

First, make sure you have the most recent version of Linux Mint. Mint 20.2 is now available as of this writing, however Linux Mint 20.3 will be available in early 2022. This may take some time because the file size is around 1.5GB, depending on your internet speed. Mint comes with three alternative desktop environments that you may choose from. These include MATE, Xfce, and Cinnamon, which is the default desktop environment. For begin, I propose that you use cinnamon as a flavoring agent. If it turns out that you truly want to go into Linux, you’ll have lots of possibilities to experiment with the many Linux interfaces that are available.

  1. Fortunately, unlike other operating systems, Linux distributions such as Mint make it simple to try them out before making a long-term commitment to them.
  2. I propose the freeware programsImgBurn for optical drives andYumi for Windows for USB sticks, both of which are available online.
  3. All of these applications are completely free.
  4. It is possible to run Linux off a DVD, but the process is quite sluggish.
  5. So, if you have a computer that has been collecting dust in your closet and you want to put it to good use, go ahead and do it.

Putting Mint to the test

Using the burner tool, once you’ve installed it and have the most recent Linux Mint ISO file in your possession, you may use it to burn the ISO image to a disc or USB flash drive. If you’re using a DVD, be sure there are no mistakes on the disc you just produced. Over the years, I’ve experienced more issues with running Linux and installing Linux from DVDs that were burned from defective discs than I have with any of the other possible reasons. Mint may also be installed on a USB stick that contains persistent storage.

  1. You may use the USB stick to store your programs and files.
  2. This has proven to be really useful for me, and I have at least one live Linux stick in my laptop bag at all times.
  3. During the reboot, you can halt the boot-up process and access your computer’s UEFI or BIOS settings.
  4. To find out which UEFI BIOS settings are compatible with your PC model, search for “UEFI BIOS settings” for your PC model on Google.
  5. A function key, as well as the “Esc” and “Delete” keys, are likely choices.
  6. Simply restart your computer and try again.

You may also look for the term “boot” in other menu options such as “Advanced Options,” “Advanced BIOS Features,” or “Other Options” if you don’t find one with the word “boot.” Set the boot order so that instead of booting from your hard drive first, you boot from either your DVD drive or a USB drive once you’ve found this option by whichever name you like.

  • You should be presented with a menu containing numerous options.
  • You will be using Linux Mint from this point on.
  • If Linux Mint freezes during the boot process, try booting with the “nomodeset” boot option.
  • Then, instead of “silent splash,” replace it with “nomodeset” and click F10 to begin booting.

Instead of pressing ‘e,’ on earlier PCs running BIOS, press ‘tab.’ Mint may run a little slower this way, but it will still boot and function properly. If you decide to install Mint, you may permanently resolve the issue by following the procedures outlined below:

  • Start the Driver Manager program. Select the NVIDIA drivers and then wait for them to be installed on your computer. The computer should be restarted.

You haven’t done anything with your computer up to this point. You’re only getting a taste of what it’s like to operate Mint at this point. Take advantage of this opportunity to experiment with Mint and see whether you like it. Although Mint will run slowly if you are using a DVD drive, it will run swiftly enough to give you a sense of what it’s like to use Mint on your computer. It will run quickly enough on a USB stick to give you a solid idea of what it’s like to work with Mint in its current state.

Installing Linux and dealing with Secure Boot

Let’s pretend you like what you’ve seen so far. You are now prepared to begin installing Mint. To begin, create a complete backup of your Windows operating system. Using the method I’ll describe to install Linux on your Windows system should have no negative impact on it, but why take the chance? When it came to installing Linux on Windows computers with UEFI and Secure Boot, it used to be a real pain in the neck. Although it can still be a nuisance, Ubuntu and Mint have made booting and installing using the Secure Boot mechanism a non-issue for the most part.

It is always possible to turn off Secure Boot if you are unable to install Mint with Secure Boot active on your PC for whatever reason you may have.

All of these procedures entail accessing the UEFI control panel during the boot process and turning it off.

Starting your Linux Mint installation

After that, check to see that your computer is properly connected. Seriously. The last thing you want to happen during an operating system installation is for your battery to run out of power! In addition, you’ll need an internet connection and around 8GB of free disk space. After that, restart your computer into Linux. Mint will be available for installation from the left-hand menu once the Mint display has been activated by selecting it from the menu. You’ll be on your way in no time if you double-click it.

  1. The majority of these selections will be straightforward.
  2. The only decision you will have to make is how to partition your hard disk.
  3. Simply select the first option on the Installation Type menu, “Install Linux Mint alongside them,” from the Installation Type drop-down menu.
  4. This technique will install Linux Mint alongside your existing Windows machine, leaving it completely unaffected by the process.
  5. You’ll be prompted to select which operating system you wish to be the default boot option.
  6. Along with this, you’ll be needed to name your system and create an account and password for yourself on the system.
  7. An encrypted home directory, on the other hand, causes systems to run more slowly.

In addition, the Mint setup method allows you to create a system snapshot using Timeshift.

While you’re at it, make a regular Timeshift routine for yourself.

Linux Mint is a rock-solid operating system.

It’s the same thing as before.

This is something I strongly advise you to do.

This is something I believe you should do as well.

For example, when you update Mint from the Software Manager, you are upgrading not only your operating system, but also all of your other apps, such as the default web browser, Firefox; the office-suite, LibreOffice; and any other products you have installed via Mint’s Software Manager.

To do this action manually, select the shield icon from the menu bar.

It will then request you for your password and inquire as to whether or not you truly wish to upgrade your system at this time.

The setup phase also offers you the option to examine system settings and search for new applications via the Software Manager, but because you’re most likely a first-time user, you may ignore those steps for the time being.

Installing Linux is something I’ve done hundreds of times, and it normally takes me about an hour from the time I start my download – thanks to the wonders of a Gigabit internet connection – to the time I’m through booting up and personalizing my new Mint PC.

Alternatively, if you are having difficulties, consult the Linux Mint installation guide.

If you need assistance, start by reading the topic on “How to seek help.” Then there are the appropriately namedBeginner Questions andInstallationBoot, which are the most beneficial for beginners. Have a good time, get your work done, and enjoy yourself. Stories that are related to this one:

  • In 2021, the following are the best Linux distributions for beginners: You are capable of doing this task. The best desktop Linux for professionals in 2021: Our top five selections
  • Linux Mint 20.2 is now available: The best desktop Linux keeps getting better

How to Download and Install Linux (Ubuntu) on Windows PC

It is now time to learn how to properly install Linux on a computer and to select which Linux distribution to use given that we have a basic understanding of what Linux is. Begin by gaining a knowledge of what a Linux Distribution actually is. In this lesson, we will cover the following topics:

  • What is a Linux Distribution and how does it work? How many different distributions are there? The Most Effective Linux Distribution
  • Installing Linux from a USB flash drive
  • The installation of Linux from a CD-ROM. Virtual Machine installation of Linux.
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What is a Linux Distribution?

As you are aware, Linux is an open-source operating system with a free kernel. This programming language is used across the world by programmers, organizations, for-profit and not-for-profit businesses to develop operating systems that meet their specific needs. Many enterprises choose to keep their Linux operating systems hidden from the public in order to avoid hacking attempts. Many others make their Linux versions freely available to the public so that the entire world can profit from them.

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How many distributions are out there?

In today’s market, there are literally hundreds of Linux operating systems and distributions to choose from. There are a variety of them, each having a distinct function in mind. For example, to host a web server or to run on network switches such as routers, modems, and other similar devices is acceptable. Android is the most recent example of one of the most popular smartphone-based Linux distributions, and it is available now! Numerous distributions are designed to provide good personal computer performance.

Linux Distribution Name Description
Arch This Linux Distro is popular amongst Developers. It is an independently developed system. It is designed for users who go for a do-it-yourself approach.
CentOS It is one of the most used Linux Distribution for enterprise and web servers. It is a free enterprise class Operating system and is based heavily on Red Hat enterprise Distro.
Debian Debian is a stable and popular non-commercial Linux distribution. It is widely used as a desktop Linux Distro and is user-oriented. It strictly acts within the Linux protocols.
Fedora Another Linux kernel based Distro, Fedora is supported by the Fedora project, an endeavor by Red Hat. It is popular among desktop users. Its versions are known for their short life cycle.
Gentoo It is a source based Distribution which means that you need to configure the code on your system before you can install it. It is not for Linux beginners, but it is sure fun for experienced users.
LinuxMint It is one of the most popular Desktop Distributions available out there. It launched in 2006 and is now considered to be the fourth most used Operating system in the computing world.
OpenSUSE It is an easy to use and a good alternative to MS Windows. It can be easily set up and can also run on small computers with obsolete configurations.
RedHat enterprise Another popular enterprise based Linux Distribution is Red Hat Enterprise.It has evolved from Red Hat Linux which was discontinued in 2004. It is a commercial Distro and very popular among its clientele.
Slackware Slackware is one of the oldest Linux kernel based OS’s. It is another easy desktop Distribution. It aims at being a ‘Unix like’ OS with minimal changes to its kernel.
Ubuntu This is the third most popular desktop operating system after Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS. It is based on the Debian Linux Distribution, and it is known as its desktop environment.

The Best Linux Distribution!

The adjective “best” is used in a relative sense. Each Linux distribution is designed to serve a specific purpose and to suit the needs of the users who will be using it. Each of the desktop distributions may be downloaded for free from their respective websites. You might want to experiment with them one at a time until you find the one that you prefer the best. Each one of them has its own own design, apps, and security features to offer. We will be utilizing Ubuntu for our learning purposes because it is simple enough for a complete beginner to grasp.

How to Install Linux

Let’s have a look at the Linux installation instructions provided below, which details the many techniques we may use to download and install Linux (Ubuntu).

Installing Linux using USB stick

This is one of the quickest and most straightforward methods of installing Ubuntu or any other distribution on a PC. Follow the instructions below to install Ubuntu from a USB drive. Step 1: Download the necessary files. From this page, you may download the.iso image or the operating system files to your computer. Step 2) Download and install the Universal USB Installer (Ultimate USB Installer). To create a bootable USB stick, you can use free software such as the Universal USB installer. Step 3)Choose the distribution method.

Step 1: Select the Ubuntu ISO file that you downloaded earlier.

Step 4) Download and install Ubuntu.

To install Ubuntu on a USB stick, select YES from the drop-down menu. (Step 5) Examine your window. Following the completion of the installation and configuration process, a tiny window will appear. Congratulations! You should now have Ubuntu installed on a bootable USB stick and ready to use.

Installing Linux using CD-ROM

It is recommended that those who enjoy the way a CD operates use this strategy. (Image courtesy of Shutterstock) Step 1) Save the.iso or the operating system files to your computer by clicking on this link. The second step is to burn the data to a CD. Step 3)Start your computer by inserting the optical drive and following the on-screen directions.

Installing Linux using Virtual Machine

This is a widely used way of installing the Linux operating system on a computer. Running Linux on an existing operating system already installed on your machine is made possible through the use of a virtual installation. This implies that if you already have Windows operating, you can simply switch to Linux with the press of a button. Installing Linux on Windows may be accomplished in a few simple steps using virtual machine software such as Oracle VM. Let’s have a look at them. Here are the quick actions to take.

  • Download Virtual Box from the following link.
  • In our situation, we have chosen Windows 7 with AMD graphics.
  • Step-2)Choose the location where you want VirtualBox to be installed and then click on Next.
  • Step-4)Click on Install to begin the process of installing Linux on Windows.
  • Once you’ve finished, click on the Finish Button to begin using Virtual Box.
  • Ubuntu may be downloaded from this page.
  • PART C) In Virtual Box, create a virtual machine.

Step-2)In the following window, enter the name of the operating system that you will be installing in virtual box.

And then click on the next button.

I advised that you retain 1024mb (1 GB) of RAM to make Ubuntu work more smoothly.

Step-4)Now To run an operating system in virtual box, we must first construct a virtual hard disk.

The virtual hard disk is where the operating system installation files, as well as any data or apps that you generate or install on this Ubuntu computer, will be stored and accessible.

Next, select Dynamic Allocation from the drop-down menu and click on Next.

To allocate RAM to your virtual hard drive, follow the steps outlined above.

To begin, use the “create” button.

As a result, a Computer (PC) with an 8GB hard drive and 1GB RAM is ready.

Step 2) Select the Folder option from the drop-down menu.

Step 4) Press the Start button.

This article will walk you through the process of installing Ubuntu.

7th Step: Select the option to erase the drive and reinstall Ubuntu, and then click on the Install Now button.

It will not do any damage to your computer or Windows system.

Step-9)Choose your keyboard layout; by default, English (US) is selected; however, if you wish to change it, you may do so by selecting it from the drop-down menu.

In step ten, you’ll need to choose a username and password for your Ubuntu administrator account.

Fill out the form with your information and choose Login automatically to disregard login attempts before clicking on Continue.

Step 11) The installation procedure is initiated. This process could take up to 30 minutes. Please be patient while the installation process is completed. Step-12)After completing the installation, you will be presented with the Ubuntu Desktop environment.

Summary

  • A distribution, often known as a Distro, is an operating system that is based on the Linux kernel. It is possible to choose from hundreds of different distributions, each of which is designed to do a certain task, such as operating servers or acting as network switches
  • Because each Linux distribution is tailored to a certain purpose, naming the best Linux distribution is challenging. It is possible to install Linux on your device using one of the ways listed below:

Install Ubuntu on Windows 10 With This Step-By-Step Guide

  • Install VirtualBox and theUbuntu ISO file from the Ubuntu website. In VirtualBox, click New, give it a name, and pick Linux and Ubuntu from the drop-down menu. Next, choose theRAMamount from the drop-down menu. Make the selectionCreate a virtual hard disk right now. CreateVDINext. Select the kind of storage and the amount of available space
  • SelectStart to start the VM and then choose theUbuntu ISOfile to run. SelectAddOpenChooseStart. Follow the on-screen instructions

This article describes how to install Ubuntu Linux on Windows using the VirtualBox virtualization software. The steps in this post will walk you through the process of installing Ubuntu 18.04 on Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7.

How to Install Ubuntu on Windows 10 With VirtualBox

Installing Ubuntu on a virtual machine allows you to experiment with Linux without interfering with your Windows installation. The virtual Linux operating system behaves in the same way as it would if it were installed on a physical hard drive, and any software that has been loaded in the virtual machine remains intact even after the virtual computer has been rebooted. Install Ubuntu as a virtual computer on Windows 10 by following these steps:

  1. Download VirtualBoxfor Windows and run it on your PC to get started. Download the UbuntuISO file that you wish to use for installation from the Ubuntu download page. Open VirtualBox and click on the New button on the top taskbar. Give your virtual machine a name, pick Linux as the Type, then Ubuntu as the Version, and then click Next. Installing an earlier 32-bit version of Ubuntu is an option if you’re running a 32-bit version of Windows. Select the amount of RAM you wish to allocate to the virtual machine and then click Next. The minimum required memory size is 1024MB. It is only throughout the course of the virtual machine’s operation that the quantity of RAM you set aside will be utilized. Choose Create a virtual hard disk right now by clicking on the Create button. If you just want to use Ubuntu as a live image, select Do not create a virtual hard disk from the drop-down menu. In order to save the changes you make in Ubuntu, you must first build a virtual hard drive. Choose VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image) and then click Next to proceed. Select the storage type you want (either dynamically allocated or fixed size) and then click Next. When you utilize a fixed-size drive, your virtual machine will run better since it will not have to expand the file size as you install applications. Choose how much space you want to dedicate to Ubuntu and click on the Create button. The amount of space you put up for your virtual machine impacts how much space you have available to install apps, so be sure you set aside enough space. The name of your virtual machine will now display in the VirtualBox manager’s left-hand pane. Click on it to launch it. To start your virtual machine, click on the Start button in the toolbar. This is the point at which you must select the Ubuntu ISO file that you downloaded previously. If it is not automatically detected by the VM, choose the folder that is next to theEmptyfield. In the pop-up box that appears, selectAdd
  2. Choose your Ubuntu disk image and click on the Open button. SelectChoose
  3. SelectStart
  4. SelectChoose
  5. Your virtual machine will now begin booting into a live version of the Ubuntu operating system. Install Ubuntu after selecting your preferred language. If you chooseTry Ubuntu, you will be able to run the installer later by double-clickingInstall Ubuntuon the desktop
  6. If you chooseDon’t try Ubuntu, you will be unable to run the installer later. Select your preferred keyboard layout and then click Continue. Select either Normal installation or Minimal installation, and then click on Continue. You may disregard the warning by selectingErase drive and install Ubuntuand selectingInstall Now, followed by Continue. There is no need to worry about your computer’s physical hard disk being erased because this procedure only pertains to the virtual system. Choose your time zone on the map, then click Continue
  7. Alternatively, Create a user account and then click on Continue to proceed. SelectRestart Now from the drop-down menu.

How to Install Guest Additions for Ubuntu

If you select to see the desktop in full-screen mode after restarting your virtual machine and booting into Ubuntu, you may discover that the desktop does not scale appropriately. You may resolve this issue by selecting theVBox GAsicon to install VirtualBox Guest Additions from the VirtualBox menu. A separate download and installation of the Ubuntu guest additions is required from the Ubuntu ISO. When you click on thebriefcaseicon, the Ubuntu Software program will appear, allowing you to install new apps on your virtual system.

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